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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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Cifflnlagham in 1872j measuring 3ft. X 2 x %, and carved with four winged lions
and bulls conjoined, probably belonged to one of the pillars that bad surmount-
ed tbese pedestals. Tbay have been put in tbe local museum, together with the
antiquities above described and the knee of a colossal statue found by General
Cnnningham in sinking the well through the centre of the mound. A large dry
tank, adjoining the mound^ is proved to be also of Buddhist construction, as I had
anticipated ; for I found in one of the mounds on its margin a broken stone
inscribed with tibe letters o*5/<*. that is5 ^Danam Chh.5
Between the XorakfiH Tik and these Chauwara mounds, all the fields are
dotted with others., so dose together and so much worn by time that they can scarcely
be distinguished from iihe natural level of the ground.   One that I searched,
after an exploration extending over several days, yielded nothing beyond a
few arabesque fragments and,, at a depth of six feet below the surface, a small
pediment containing in a niche, flanked by fabulous monsters and surmounted
by the mystic wheel, a figure of Buddha, canopied by a many-headed serpent
and seated on a lion throne.    A mound immediately adjoining the pillar that
marks the boundary of the township of Mathura and the villages of Maholi
ana PaSi-khera, lying due south of the Kankdi Ttta and east of the Girdhar-
pur mound, has yielded a strange squat figure of a dwarf, three feet nine
inches high and two feet broad, of uncertain antiquity; and at another mound,
just outside the P&li-khera village site, I came upon the counter-part of Colo*
nei Stacey's so-called Slienus, which he found in 18B6 and placed in the Asiatic
Society's Museum in Calcutta, where it still is.   A full description of this
curious sculpture will be given in another chapter.    On further excavating the
mound, in which 1 found it, I discovered in situ three beE-shaped bases of large
columns at 13 feet distance from one another, at the three corners of a square \
the fourth had completely disappeared.   In clearing the space between them I
came upon some small figures of baked clay, glazed, of a bluish colour, similar
in character to the toys still sold at Hindu fairs ; also a few small fragments
of carved stone and some corroded pieces of metal  bangles.   According to
village tradition this khera was the fort of a demon, Ifonasur ; the exploration
proves it to- have been a Buddhist site; it adjoins a temple court, of the early
part of the 17th century, now occupied by a married Bairagi as an ordinary
dwelling-house.   Close by, on the border of the hamlet of Dhan Sinh, is a
small Buddhist rail (now reverenced as the village Devi) with the usual figure of
Badilha's moiihec under the sal tree on its front, and three roses at the back.
A few paces further oa is tie central portion of a very large Buddhist pillar,
with a head on either side, the exact counter-part of one that I extracted from
lie Cbhatibi Paka at